Vivaldi, Johann Sebastian Bach, George Frederic Handel, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven; second row – Coaching Rossini, Felix Mendelssohn, FRR©d©rice Chopin, Richard Wagner, Giuseppe Verdi; third row – Johann Strauss II, Johannes Brahms, Georges Baize, Photo Illicit Tchaikovsky, Antonio Devoid; bottom row – Advert Grief, Edward Legal, Sergei Rachmaninoff, George Gershwin, Arm Chattering Classical music is the art music produced in, or rooted in, the traditions of Western liturgical and secular music, encompassing a broad period from roughly the 1 lath century to present times. L] The central norms of this tradition became codified between 1550 and 1900, which is known as the common practice period. It should not to be confused with the Classical Era. European music is largely distinguished from many other non-European and popular musical forms by its system of staff notation, in use since about the 16th century. Western staff notation is used by composers to prescribe to the performer the pitch, speed, meter, individual rhythms and exact execution of a piece of music.
This leaves less room for practices such as improvisation and ad labium ornamentation, that are frequently heard in non- European art music and popular The term “classical music” did not appear until the early 19th century, in an attempt to “agonize” the period from Johann Sebastian Bach to Beethoven as a golden age. The earliest reference to “classical music” recorded by the Oxford English Dictionary is from about Contents * 1 Characteristics * 1. 1 Literature * 1. 2 Instrumentation 1. 3 Form * 1. 4 Technical execution * 1. 5 Complexity * 1. 6 Society * 2 History * 2. 1 Roots * 2. 2 Early period * 2. 3 Common practice period * 2. 3. 1 * 2. 3. Classical period music * 2. 3. 3 Romantic era music Baroque music 2. 4 20th-century, modern, and contemporary music * 3 Significance of written * 3. 1 Modernist view of the significance of the score * 3. 2 Criticism of notation the modernist view * 3. 3 Improvisation * 4 Relationship to other music traditions * 4. 1 Popular music * 4. 2 Folk music * 5 Commercialism * 6 Education * 7 See Characteristics Given the extremely broad variety of forms, styles, genres, and historical periods generally perceived as being described by the term “classical music,” it is difficult to list characteristics that can be attributed to all works of that type.
Vague descriptions re plentiful, such as describing classical music as anything that “lasts a long time,” a statement made rather moot when one considers contemporary composers who are described as classical; or music that has certain instruments like violins, which are also found in other genres. However, there are characteristics that classical music contains that few or no other genres of music contain. Literature The most outstanding and particular characteristic of classical music is that the repertoire tends to be written down. Composers and performers alike are typically giggly literate in understanding notation and the written quality of the music has, in addition to preserving the works, led to a high level of complexity within them. Edit] Instrumentation The Dublin Philharmonic Orchestra performs Tchaikovsky Fourth Symphony. The instruments used in most classical music were largely invented before the mid-19th century (often much earlier), and codified in the 18th and 19th centuries. They consist of the instruments found in an orchestra, together with a few other solo instruments (such as the piano, harpsichord, and organ). The symphony orchestra is he most widely known medium for classical music. The orchestra includes members of the string, woodwind, brass, and percussion families. Electric instruments such as the electric guitar appear occasionally in the classical music of the 20th and 21st centuries.
Both classical and popular musicians have experimented in recent decades with electronic instruments such as the synthesizer, electric and digital techniques such as the use of sampled or computer-generated sounds, and the sounds of instruments from other cultures such as the gametal. None of the bass instruments existed until the Renaissance. In Medieval music, instruments are divided in two categories: loud instruments for use outdoors or in church, and quieter instruments for indoor use. The Baroque orchestra consisted of flutes, oboes, horns and violins, occasionally with trumpets and timpani. Many instruments which are associated today with popular music used to have important roles in early classical music, such as bagpipes, values, hurdy-grudges and some woodwind instruments.
On the other hand, instruments such as the acoustic guitar, which used to be associated mainly with popular music, have gained prominence in lassie music through the 19th and 20th centuries. While equal temperament became gradually accepted as the dominant musical temperament during the 19th century, different historical temperaments are often used for music from earlier periods. For instance, music of the English Renaissance is often performed in monotone temperament. Keyboards almost all share a common layout (often called the piano keyboard). Form Whereas the majority of popular styles lend themselves to the song form, classical music can also take on the form of the concerto, symphony, sonata, opera, dance